The 10 Best Programming Languages for AI Development

Python and Java are both languages that are widely used for AI. The choice between the programming languages depends on how you plan to implement AI. For example, in the case of data analysis, you would probably go with Python. However, given how popular AI is for mobile apps, Java, which is frequently used in this case, may well be the best language for this type of program. Python has hundreds of libraries that make any type of project possible, whether it is a mobile app, web app, data science, or artificial intelligence.

The syntax of Rust is similar to C++ but the former also offers memory safety and prevents garbage collection. Prolog is a logic programming language from the early ’70s that’s particularly well suited for artificial intelligence applications. Its declarative nature makes it easy to express complex relationships between data. Prolog is also used for natural language processing and knowledge representation.

Best Artificial Intelligence Programming Language in 2023

It is the language of choice for financial institutions and financial analysis. More recent data confirms the popularity of this programming language. In 2021, IEEE Spectrum ranked Python first among popular programming languages. Industry estimates show that more than eight million developers worldwide work with Python, and this is the only programming language that has been growing consecutively for five years.

  • You can build a neural network in C++ and translate user code into something machines can understand.
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  • Or, if you are looking for a language that will be good for cross-platform development then JS will be a great option to consider.
  • Julia is perhaps the programming language most likely to become a serious competitor to Python and R.
  • Java is an object-oriented programming language that offers easy debugging and simple syntax.
  • It is majorly used for projects that involve computational linguistics and artificial intelligence.

Torch is a best languages for ai library that provides a wide range of tools for building and deploying models. Dpnn is a library that provides a collection of neural network modules for Lua. Nn is a library that provides a simple and efficient neural network library for Lua. C# has a number of libraries and frameworks for AI development, including Accord.NET, ML.NET, and TensorFlow.NET. Accord.NET is a machine learning framework that provides a wide range of tools for building and deploying models.

Best Programming Languages ​​for AI

Similarly, C# has been used to develop 3D and 2D games, as well as industrial applications. On the other hand, if you already know Java or C++, it’s entirely possible to create excellent AI applications in those languages — it will be just a little more complicated. Python has an extensive selection of data visualization libraries— essential to AI development. Data scientists can create attractive, human-readable charts with libraries like Matplotlib. It’s even easier to learn Python because there are so many tutorials, projects, and bootcamps online.

  • Python also boasts exceptional documentation and community support and integrates easily with other programming languages.
  • If you’re interested in pursuing a career in artificial intelligence , you’ll need to know how to code.
  • Although Julia’s community is still small, it consistently ranks as one of the premier languages for artificial intelligence.
  • Also, many of the machine learning libraries have been created with C and this is a great advantage when creating neural networks in a clearer way for machines.
  • Popular applications of Haskell include Agda , Cabal, Darcs , Git-annex, Pandoc, TidalCycles, Cryptol, Facebook’s anti-spam programs and Cardano blockchain platform.
  • It is important to understand how mathematical algorithms are applied in practice.

R also has a number of libraries and frameworks for machine learning and AI development, including caret, randomForest, and xgboost. R’s machine learning packages are user-friendly and easy to use, which makes it a great choice for data scientists and statisticians who want to quickly build and evaluate models. Even though it was created mainly for AI-related studies, Smalltalk lost its position in front of other popular AI programming languages such as Python and R. However, Smalltalk is picking up the pace by introducing more libraries for AI and ML development and natural language processing. For example, Pharo has a numerical package called PolyMath that is almost equal to NumPy of Python. Designed primarily as practical mathematical notation for computer programs, Lisp later became the most favoured programming language for Artificial Intelligence.


With all these features and many others, Python has become one of the best languages for AI development. There are options like Scripting, OOPs approach, and IDE that allows fast development with diverse algorithms. Open-source language with support by developers from across the world. There are many Forums and Tutorials for Python that you can seek help from. The java community is rich and active, allowing plenty of support for new developers and creative enrichment for seasoned developers across the world. But one of Haskell’s most interesting features is that it is a lazy programming language.

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It was designed to express the most common programming patterns in a way that’s simple, elegant, and type-safe. Scala avoids the problems of Java, such as its bloating, while keeping its strong points. Because Scala is a compiled language, its executed code works much faster than other languages such as Python. Prolog’s ability to pattern match makes it excellent for use cases that involve natural language processing, intelligent database search, and computer vision.


However, C++ can be used for AI development if you need to code in a low-level language or develop high-performance routines. It has a number of well-developed machine learning libraries, such as Flux, MLJ, and KNet. R is a programming language and free software environment for statistical computing and graphics that’s supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing.

Let’s look at the best language for AI, other popular AI coding languages, and how you can get started today. R might not be the perfect language for AI, but it’s fantastic at crunching very large numbers, which makes it better than Python at scale. And with R’s built-in functional programming, vectorial computation, and Object-Oriented Nature, it does make for a viable language for Artificial Intelligence. And because C++ converts user code to machine-readable code, it’s incredibly efficient and performant. Java also makes use of simplified debugging, and its easy-to-use syntax offers graphical data presentation and incorporates both WORA and Object-Oriented patterns. Python is also one of the easiest languages to learn and use.

Software Development Methodologies to Consider

In the present day, the language is just as capable, but because of its difficult syntax and complicated libraries, it’s rare that developers flock to Lisp first. Developers cherish Python for its simple syntax and object-oriented approach to code maintainability. Lucero is a programmer and entrepreneur with a feel for Python, data science and DevOps. Raised in Buenos Aires, Argentina, he’s a musician who loves languages and dancing. They all have large ecosystems of libraries and frameworks that you can use for AI development.


R’s capabilities can be extended through user-created packages that allow include many statistical techniques, import/export capabilities, tools, and graphical devices, and so on. This drives the growth of language and helps make it a top choice of data scientists and analysts. It has built-in support for data modeling and graphics that enables programmers to build critical deep learning models with fewer efforts.

Which coding language is the future?

Python, Java, JavaScript, Kotlin, R, PHP, Go, C, Swift, and C# are among the most promising programming languages for the future. However, Python is getting more traction than many other programming languages thanks to its versatility and multiple use cases.

And as it’s transforming the way we live and is changing the way we interact with the world and each other, it’s also creating new opportunities for businesses and individuals. They’re both high-performance, due to being compiled languages and offering low-level control when necessary. Both languages are widely used in game development, and many games make use of AI. C++ offers more control over memory management than C#, but this also means there’s more room for error. Today, AI is used in a variety of ways, from powering virtual assistants like Siri and Alexa to more complex applications like self-driving cars and predictive analytics.

development process

Popular in education research, Haskell is useful for Lambda expressions, pattern matching, type classes, list comprehension, and type polymorphism. In addition, because of its versatility and capacity to manage failures, Haskell is considered a safe programming language for AI. It is another easy-to-learn language used for analysis, Big Data modeling, visualization, and forecasting. It has many extensions, for example, TM is designed for text analysis. Combined with other powerful tools, R helps build comprehensive products and increase productivity.

  • Another highly reliable object-oriented programming language that has vast applications in AI development is C++.
  • To become a machine learning engineer, you need to know more than the basics of machine learning.
  • There is not “the best” or “the worst” programming language for AI.
  • But the question still stands, what is the best programming language of them all?
  • For example, in the case of data analysis, you would probably go with Python.
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It uses significant indentation to improve its code readability. Using language constructs and an object-oriented approach Python helps with developing clear and logical code for small to large scale AI projects. As artificial intelligence and related development are becoming more popular, the programming languages used for developing such software are also becoming popular. At the moment, C++ is mostly being used by developers who are hoping to enhance existing projects with machine learning. It is not as popular for apps that are being developed entirely based on ML. It lends itself to Internet of Things applications as well as augmented reality and virtual reality or engineering projects.

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